From Emilio Segre (Nobel Laureate) there is this 2 book series.Recommended.
- From Falling Bodies to Radio Waves 
- From X-rays to Quarks 
Then, you have Abraham Pais, all his books are highly recommended, I will include 2 here
 Subtle is the lord (Best Einstein Scientific Biography)
 Inward Bound (Superb Scientific history of XX century physics)
Jagdish Mehra wrote a gargantuan history of Quantum Mechanics in six volumes. He studied and /or interviewed most of the big hitters who developed the theory. The science content is high so you need a good foundation.
 The Historical Development of Quantum Theory
Richard Westfall wrote the best Newton biography that I know.
 Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton
Finally the issue number 2 of the 72nd volume of Review of Modern Physics  is a gem; packed with historical reviews of the development of all fields in physics during the 20th century, written by eminent people.
Of course this is just a minuscule sample of an extraordinary bibliography. Sadly life is so short to make it justice.