The Haskell Road to Logic, Maths and Programming. Second Edition (Texts in Computing)
I also like the Physics and Math in SICM (Structure and Interptretation of Classical Mechanics), and Scheme maps well to math equations, at least for me .
Julia does follow the way math is written, but I prefer Haskell. The book "The Haskell Road to Logic, Math and Programming"  is great, and this article on Geometric Algebra (GA) in Haskell is excellent .